Copyright @ Lenovo US

    In LXD on localhost we introduced using LXD container to bootstrap a Juju controller. But how to access the Juju GUI? Launching it is easy enough with $ juju gui from juju host; accessing it from anywhere outside the host is a challenge. One way is through $ ssh -X to the LXD and launch firefox.

    Another option is to use nginx to proxy the GUI service. The quirk here is to enable ssl proxy (notice the https?)

    Juju GUI with Nginx proxy
    1. Get SSL cert in /etc/nginx. This will create two files in this directory: cert.key and cert.crt.

      $ sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/nginx/cert.key -out /etc/nginx/cert.crt
    2. In LXD host, use $ juju gui to find out its server address and port, for example:

      (dev) fengxia@ubuntu:~$ juju gui
      GUI 2.10.2 for model "admin/default" is enabled at:
      Your login credential is:
      username: admin
      password: 049ab8c2284b3b7fa7e87933df18da15

      So the server's ip is and port 17070.

    3. (Optionally), you can change the Juju password here:

      $ juju change-user-password
    4. Create juju.conf in /etc/nginx/site-available. Note that this server listens port 443!

      map $http_upgrade $connection_upgrade {
       default upgrade;
       ''      close;
      upstream jujugui{
      server {
       listen 443;
       server_name; # your IP
       ssl_certificate           /etc/nginx/cert.crt;
       ssl_certificate_key       /etc/nginx/cert.key;
       ssl on;
       ssl_session_cache  builtin:1000  shared:SSL:10m;
       ssl_protocols  TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
       ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!CAMELLIA:!DES:!MD5:!PSK:!RC4;
       ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
       location / {
         proxy_pass https://jujugui;
         proxy_set_header    Host            $host;
         proxy_set_header    X-Real-IP       $remote_addr;
         proxy_set_header    X-Forwarded-for  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
         proxy_connect_timeout 300;
         port_in_redirect off;
         proxy_http_version 1.1;
         proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
         proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
         proxy_read_timeout 86400;

    Reload $ sudo service nginx reload, and browse to https://[yourip]/gui, you shall see the Juju GUI.

    — by Feng Xia


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