Deployment strategy for system architecture is centered around AWS services: EC2 for application server, RDS for database, and S3 for static files and media files. AWS does have message service as well. But to maintain a fair level of portability, I am not using that. Instead, vanilla message broker such as Redis or RabbitMQ is used and is deployed on a separate EC2 instance. In general I tend to have concerns over investing a critical system component to a 3rd party service because they usually will introduce some customization quirks that make it a real pain when migrating to another service provider or platform later on. I have not run into such problem with AWS, but would like to keep options open.

    Deployment architecture

    Notice that I do not have multiple database in the diagram. First of all, I have not had use of DB cluster. Secondly, database replica is covered by AWS snapshot which has been a great fail-safe tool for system backup and recovery. This brings up an important point I'd like to advocate:

    AWS services are in general far better than a setup that a developer can pull off.

    So unless one has a strong case, don't reinvent the wheels. Use AWS to save myself from building these essential infrastructure so that I could focus on writing application code to solve client's real problems. Service such as Heroku and GAE are even more hands-off if the application architecture can fit into their platform.

    — by Feng Xia

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